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Abolhassan Banisadr – Jan 17


Sayyed Abolhassan Banisadr is an Iranian politician, economist and human rights activist. He was the first President of Iran after the 1979 Iranian Revolution abolished the monarchy, serving from 4 February 1980 until he was impeached by parliament on 21 June 1981. Prior to his presidency, he was the minister of foreign affairs in the interim government. He has resided for many years in France. Banisadr was born on 22 March 1933 in Hamedan.[3] His father was an ayatollah and close to Ruhollah Khomeini.[4] He studied finance and economics at the Sorbonne. In 1972, Banisadr’s father died and he attended the funeral in Iraq where he first met Ayatollah Khomeini.[5] Banisadr had participated in the anti-Shah student movement during the early 1960s and was imprisoned twice, and was wounded during an uprising in 1963. He then fled to France. He later joined the Iranian resistance group led by Khomeini, becoming one of his hard-liner advisors.[4][5] Banisadr returned to Iran together with Khomeini as the revolution was beginning in February 1979. He wrote a book on Islamic finance, Eghtesad Tohidi, an Arabic phrase that roughly translates as “The Economics of Monotheism.”