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The 2017–18 Iranian protests are a series of protests occurring throughout Iran. Protests began 28 December 2017 in Mashhad, which at the beginning was named “No to High prices” and protest against the policies of the government of Hassan Rouhani, but its scope went beyond economic problems and turned to opposition to the politics of Iran, particularly against Velayat-e Faqih and its office-holder, Ali Khamenei, Supreme Leader of Iran. The demonstrations were started by crowds protesting across Iran, including in Mashhad, the second-most populous city, as well as a several hundred-person protest in Tehran, the capital. There were also widespread protests in several other cities.[18] The 2017 events are the largest protest in Iran since the 2009 Iranian presidential election protests.[19] Initially, the protests were about the high price of goods and commodities, but later evolved into more far-reaching political demands. Analysts highlight Rouhani administration’s adoption of International Monetary Fund’s harsh economic policies[citation needed] as well its failure in management of troubled financial institutions as the actual causes of the protests. Some others postulate dissatisfaction at theocratic nature of the Islamic Republic of Iran as the cause of the unrest. In some cities the demonstrations turned violent with protesters attacking police and setting cars on fire. At least twelve people have been killed in the protests, and hundreds of people were arrested by the Iranian government.[22] However, according to Trita Parsi, Iran’s government has not used its force to crack down on the protests ye